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HOME > A+Anyang > Introducing Anyang > History and Place Names

History and Place Names

In historical literature, although there was no record of Anyang in the proto-3 kingdom period and in pre-history, later it was labeled as the administrative district of Yulmok Gun. When cultural relics from the Pyeongchon area were investigated in 1989, dolmen from the Bronze Age and different relics from the Stone Age were discovered, providing evidence that people had lived in the Anyang area for a very long time. Moving from the Bronze Age to the proto 3 kingdom period, it was included in part of the territory of the Baekje kingdom at the time of King Gunchogo (346-375), in the territory of Mahan. During the reign of King Jangsu (394-491) of Goguryeo, the area became the southern part of Goguryeo as did the shores of the Han River and Gyeongido.

Origins of the Place Names
  • Origins of the Place Names
    • The name of Anyang (安養) comes from Anyang temple (安養寺) which was built by the founder of the Goryeo Empire, King Taejo Oangun. In the fourth year of the reign of the Shilla king, Hyogong (900), Taejo Oangun (a descendant of Gungyeh) was walking past Mt. Samsung to punish the regions of Gumju (Siheung) and Gwaju (Gwacheon). He then saw that the clouds around the mountaintop happened to be appearing in 5 different colors, which he thought to be strange and so he sent somebody to go investigate. There was an old monk named Nungjung (能正) underneath the clouds whom he talked with at length. Taejo Oangun and the monk found themselves to have a meeting of the minds, and the temple of Anyang was built there (the entire area of Manan gu Seoksu 1-dong San 2 bonji).
    • The name of the Anyang temple gave birth to the name of Anyang. The An character of 安 comes from its use in the word Manangyo which was postulated to commemorate the works of the father (Sadohsayjah) of the 22nd Joseon king, King Joseon. The yang character of 養 is guessed to be used to denote the meaning of Hyo, which is the dedication to one’s ancestors being the foundation of morality. The place name of Anyang was again used in 1941 when Giheung gun Suhee myeon was changed to Anyang myeon. The word “anyang“ itself means, in Buddhism, a cozy utopia where there is no pain and only joy, and where pain has been overcome. It is in Buddhism that there is a paradise where the body can rest and the mind is at ease.